Here’s what the Reserve Bank is worried about when it warned of “Exuberance”

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The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA )warned that “exuberance” in a red-hot housing market was encouraging a build-up of debt that might destabilise the financial system at its recent Financial Stability Review.

It urged the banks to maintain lending discipline amid the boom.

In its semi-annual Financial Stability Review, the RBA focussed on the housing market and said the banking system was generally sound and well capitalised, but a debt-fuelled surge in house prices needed to be watched.

Clearly, the Reserve Bank is closely watching housing credit growth (loans outstanding) with annual growth of 10 per cent in focus as this would lead to a lift in the credit to income ratio.

Fig01

Craig James, Chief Economist of Commsec gave his thoughts on the latest Financial Stability Review as follows:-

  • The Reserve Bank notes that “housing loan arrears also remain very low, at around 1 per cent of banks’ total housing loans.”
  • The Reserve Bank remains positive that the financial system can withstand risks – especially those related to Delta. The RBA notes that business insolvencies remain lower than that prior to the pandemic.
  • The Bank is also closely watching how Chinese authorities deal with the Evergrande debt crisis.

Key points

The Reserve Bank notes that:

“the Australian financial system is highly resilient – with rapid progress in vaccinations, it is expected that output will rebound as the economy gradually reopens, reducing the risk to the financial system.”

“There is a risk of excessive borrowing due to low-interest rates and rising house prices:

“Low-interest rates have contributed to high prices for financial assets and housing.

“There has been some increased risk-taking and higher borrowing.”

Fig02

“In Australia and some other countries, there have been large increases in housing prices and an acceleration in borrowing.

“Vulnerabilities can increase if housing market strength turns to exuberance with borrowers taking on greater risk given expectations of further price rises and banks potentially easing lending standards.

“In response to these risks, the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority has increased the interest rate buffer used to assess loans, which will reduce the borrowing capacity for new borrowers.”

“Most borrowers’ income has recovered, but others may struggle with loan repayments; most borrowers’ income has recovered from large falls resulting from the pandemic.

“But income remains lower for some in heavily impacted industries and particularly in some emerging market economies.

“In Australia, most borrowers’ income had recovered to exceed pre-pandemic levels before the latest lockdowns, except for some in industries such as tourism and hospitality.

“With rapid progress in vaccination rates and projected reopening of the economy in sight, incomes are expected to bounce back from lockdowns and so most borrowers should be able to make their debt repayments.”

Fig03

“…loan commitments data suggest that housing debt could be growing by around 10 per cent in six-month ended annualised terms by early next year from an already high level, increasing systemic risk.” · “Timely survey data suggest that households have maintained high savings buffers into the second half of this year.”

“…risks to banks remain low. Banks’ commercial property exposures are less than 6 per cent of total assets, and impairment rates on these exposures remain negligible.”

lending-money“…around 30 per cent of bank lending for SMEs (those with an annual turnover of less than $50 million) is secured by residential property, meaning that the recent increases in housing prices will likely help some businesses avoid insolvency.”

“…broad-based increases in housing prices have strengthened the balance sheet positions of property owners (around two-thirds of all households), including those with existing mortgages.”

“Overall, there is only a small share of households and businesses that are both vulnerable to cash flow reductions and are heavily indebted.

“Lenders’ non-performing loan ratios are therefore expected to rise only modestly from currently very low levels.”

ALSO READ: Australian housing market surpasses $9 trillion valuation

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Michael is a director of Metropole Property Strategists who help their clients grow, protect and pass on their wealth through independent, unbiased property advice and advocacy. He's once again been voted Australia's leading property investment adviser and one of Australia's 50 most influential Thought Leaders. His opinions are regularly featured in the media. Visit Metropole.com.au


'Here’s what the Reserve Bank is worried about when it warned of “Exuberance”' have 1 comment

    Avatar for Michael Yardney

    October 13, 2021 Troy Dean Hemetsberger

    300% debt to income ratio seems pretty risky for households right and the exuberance needs to be reined in right?
    Well what does the Governments debt to income ratio look like?
    Latest Government revenues are 45400 Million and 1402320 Million debt
    1402320 divided by 45400 is just over 30 times!
    So the debt to income ratio here is 3000% – 10 times greater than those risky households… where is the reining in of these debt levels for government – that is to me where the real financial stability risk exists.
    I hope I got the maths wrong on this!
    Sources for the income and debt are:
    https://tradingeconomics.com/australia/government-revenues
    https://australiandebtclock.com.au/

    Reply


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