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Do we need more public housing in Australia? - featured image
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Do we need more public housing in Australia?

The number of households renting in Australia has jumped by 280,000 since the last census

This comes as rentals become increasingly unaffordable, with skyrocketing rents pushing about more Aussies into rental stress.

Rental stress is characterised by households spending more than 30 per cent of their income on rent.

While almost 3 million households are renting, the growth of our population since the last census  means the proportion of renters is shrinking.

Renters now make up 30.6% of households compared to 30.9% in 2016.

Fewer Aussies living in public housing

So does Australia need more public housing?

The simple answer is "YES" according to leading demographer, Simon Kuestenmacher.

And he explained his views in recent column in the New Daily based on the following chart which shows the trend to fewer home owners in Australia and more tenants renting from private landlords, but there are fewer tenants in the public housing market.

Now we know Australia is experiencing a rental crisis and Simon explains that renters in public housing don't live there for free.

Depending on their individual circumstances, certain subsidies are handed out, but public housing tenants tend to pay below-market rents while being responsible for their own utility costs.

Sometimes rent is fixed at 25 per cent of household income with the difference being paid by the state as a rental rebate.

More Renters In The Private Market Fewer In The Public Market

Kuestenmacher explains:

"We see a drop (of tenants in public housing) over the last 20 years from 5.8 per cent in 1999/2000 to 2.9 per cent in 2019/2020.

This drop could mean one of two things.

Option 1: As a rich nation we created so much wealth across the whole population that a lot fewer people need subsidised public housing.

Option 2: Despite being a rich nation we were brutally neglectful in developing public housing."

Renters only spend 19 per cent less on housing than mortgage holders

Renters Only Spend 19 Per Cent Less On Housing Than Mortgage Holders

Housing costs per week are $150 dollars in public housing compared to $415 for private market renters.

This makes the world of difference for low-income Australians - if only they could get into public housing.

This means that getting someone from the private rental sector transitioned to the public sector translates into a 64 per cent discount on housing-related costs.

Of course, adding more public housing would be expensive.

However, not adding more public housing can be more expensive.

Why?

Mr Kuestenmacher explains:

"The bottom quintile (the poorest 20 per cent) of renters on the private housing market use up more than 50 per cent of their household income to cover housing costs.

This means saving for a rainy day, or even building wealth through investments or property, is forever out of reach.

Poverty doesn’t come cheap as healthcare and retirement costs put pressure on the public purse.

The less money you’ve saved in your super, the more the public pension system needs to spend on you throughout your retirement."

The need for public developers

Kustenmacher points out that it is clear that we have a massive shortage of housing stock across the full income spectrum, and nowhere near enough capacity to build enough new stock right now.

And in such a pressurised market, private operators can pick which end of the spectrum they will service.

What we need is a public developer to build public housing at scale.

A state-owned developer can build housing more cheaply.

If built on public land, the land is essentially free.

Take note that a public developer doesn’t need to pay any sort of land tax or stamp duty.

Planing Construction

They also can operate without generating profits – a luxury that no private firm enjoys.

Would this hurt private developers?

It can be argued that even a well-funded state-owned developer would only operate in the lowest end of the market.

These are the ones that we can't see being serviced by the private sector.

Mr Kuestenmacher further said:

"The only real issue for private developers is increased competition for talent in the labour market.

In times of a massive skills shortage, any competition for labour really hurts the private sector."

Final thoughts

Adding significant public housing stock would push house prices down by taking people out of the market.

However, having a massive public housing developer is not likely to happen, definitely not at the moment, to which Mr Kuestenmacher said:

"I think piecemeal approaches –like slightly higher quotas for key-worker accommodation – are much more likely to be introduced."

About Brett Warren is Director of Metropole Properties Brisbane and uses his two decades of property investment experience to advise clients how to grow, protect and pass on their build their wealth through property. Visit: Metropole Brisbane
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