Why Financial Plans Are Worthless

I read somewhere that average Americans will spend more time planning their vacation to Disneyland than they will planning their financial future.

I’m not sure that’s correct, but it wouldn’t surprise me.


There are a number of reasons why we are hesitant to spend time planning for our financial future, but the biggest one is that we have confused the process of planning with the end product, a plan.

Financial plans are worthless, but the process of planning is vital.

Let me explain the difference.

Creating a traditional financial plan starts by making a bunch of assumptions.

These assumptions can be about inflation, what the stock market will do, how much you will save, when you will retire, how much you will spend in retirement and even when you’ll die.

If you have been through this process, you know that it’s very uncomfortable.

We know that no matter how hard we try, we will definitely be wrong. Man doing his accounting, financial adviser working

This is one of the cruel ironies of any plan: You don’t have the information you need when you start.

This is true when you start a restaurant, a business or are planning the rest of your financial life.

If we accept the fact that even the best plan will be wrong, we can focus our energy on the process of planning instead of obsessing over the assumptions.

Sure we need to chart a course where we think we are headed, and this will involve making some assumptions about the future.

But they are just guesses – Make them and move on.

Think of this as the difference between a flight plan and the actual flight.

Flight plans are really just the pilot’s best guess about things like the weather.

No matter how much time the pilot spend planning, things don’t always go according to the plan.

In fact, I bet they rarely go just the way the pilot planned.

There are just too many variables.

So while the plan is important, the key to arriving safely is the pilot’s ability to make the small and consistent course corrections.

It is about the course corrections, not the plan.

Once you have a general idea of your own destination, the focus should shift to what you can do over the short term to get there.

Focus on the next three years.

Thinking in shorter time frames inspires us to act instead of worrying about all of the things that are out of our control.

So set a course quickly.

Realize that you will be wrong, and plan on making course corrections often


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Carl Richards


Carl Richards is a Certified Financial Planner and a columnist for the New York Times, Morningstar magazine and Yahoo Finance. He is author of 2 books, The Behavior Gap & The One-Page Financial Plan. Carl lives with his family in Park City, Utah. You can find his work and sign up for his newsletter (which has an international audience) at www.behaviorgap.com/

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