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‘Top end’ home and car markets slow down - featured image
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‘Top end’ home and car markets slow down

There signs emerging that Aussie consumers are now preferring to spend their money on other things rather than cars and homes.

Earlier this year  a report published by CommSec, noted the slowdowns at the 'top end' of the housing and new vehicle markets.

And the slowdown has continued since.

This is insightful because in the past, it has been notable that the ‘top end’ of the housing and car markets have led movements in the broader market, and it looks like the same trend is occurring now.

Luxury Cars And Home Prices

The CommSec index of luxury new vehicle sales shows the index of luxury new vehicle sales fell to a 19-month low of 82,747 vehicles in the year to May.

Annual sales are down 11.1 per cent, the biggest fall in almost three years.

Similarly, according to CoreLogic's data, national home prices fell by 0.1 per cent in May, the first fall in 20 months.

Home prices fell 0.8 per cent at the ‘top end’ but prices rose 1.0 per cent for lower-valued properties.

Prices of higher-valued homes are falling along with luxury car sales

In the past, the ‘top end’ of the housing and car markets has led to changes in the broader housing and new vehicle markets.

CommSec Chief Economist, Craig James now expects that prices of ‘mid-tier’ and lower-valued properties will ease in the coming months, taking the lead from high-valued properties.

He explains....

Higher interest rates and an increased supply of new homes will put downward pressure on home prices.

However, a tight job market – more jobs and higher wages – will provide support for housing demand, and therefore prices.

After lifting 21 per cent over 2021, Commonwealth Bank (CBA) Group economists expect Australian home prices to fall by 6 per cent over 2022 and then fall a further 8 per cent in 2023.

Sydney and Melbourne are expected to lead the falls in 2022 with Adelaide and Brisbane down the most in 2023 home prices.

However, the car market could provide different results in the coming months.

In the past, falls in luxury vehicle sales have led to changes in the broader market.

Past Trends In Car Sales And Travel

Craig James explains that...

Higher interest rates reduce interest in spending on consumer durables.

Lower home prices also serve to reduce wealth and similarly reduce interest in high-valued discretionary goods.

But Covid-driven supply-chain issues present a complication.

If cars become more available (greater supply), this may actually serve to boost new vehicle sales.

Higher-volume automakers are feeling the effects of supply-chain issues the most while some sales of higher-valued marques like Lotus, Ferrari and Bentley are being supported.

Clearly, this is a trend worth watching.

If luxury vehicle availability and sales improve it may signify the healing of supply-chain problems.

Also in the past, when Aussie consumers have cut back on the car and home purchases they have sought to travel instead – especially overseas.

Again, Covid provides a complication – the responsiveness may be heightened.

After two years of not being able to travel, Aussie travellers may be keener to embrace the opportunity to go abroad or interstate.

The fall in the car and home purchases and the lift in travel may seem more pronounced.

In short, there will be much to watch in the coming months – noting that the Reserve Bank is especially keen to monitor household spending to gauge the effects of higher interest rates.

Recent trends in home prices and vehicle sales

In May 2022, CoreLogic reported that national home prices fell by 0.1 per cent, the first fall in 20 months.

And it has been higher-priced properties (the so-called ‘top end’ of the market) that have led the declines.

Home prices at the ‘top end’ of the market (the top 25 per cent of homes by capital value) fell by 0.8 per cent in May, the biggest decline in 22 months.

Prices at the ‘top end’ have slowed in trend terms for 14 months.

But home prices for the bottom 25 per cent of homes by value are still rising, up by 1.0 per cent in May following a 1.5 per cent gain in April.

Over the past year, home prices at the ‘top end’ of the market (the top 25 per cent of homes by value) have lifted 12.2 per cent while prices for the bottom 25 per cent of homes by value have risen by 17.1 per cent.

Swings And Roundabouts

Home prices fell in most regions in May, led by Sydney and Melbourne.

These regions are amongst those with the highest median prices in Australia and the biggest stock of housing.

In May 2022, home prices fell by the most in Sydney - Northern Beaches (down 1.9 per cent) and Sydney - Inner West (down 1.7 per cent).

And in Melbourne, prices fell by the most in Melbourne – Inner South (down 1.3 per cent) and Melbourne - North East (down 1.1 per cent).

CommSec's luxury vehicle index led the recovery of the broader vehicle market just before Covid hit in early 2020 and maintained the out-performance through 2020 and into early 2021.

Now, annual sales of luxury vehicles are falling at a faster rate than the broader new-vehicle market.

Luxury Vehicles Underperform

In the year to May 2022, sales of luxury vehicles fell by 11.1 per cent while sales across the broader market fell by just 1.0 per cent.

The stronger growth of the broader market partly represents spending by businesses on sports utility vehicles (SUVs), utes and other light and heavy commercial vehicles in response to government asset write-off provisions.

Rolling annual sales of commercial vehicles have actually risen over the past year, up 7.7 per cent.

Sales of SUVs have fallen 2 per cent and sales of passenger vehicles have fallen 9.2 per cent.

Why the slowdown at the ‘top end’?

Craig James explains....

As always there is not just one answer.

Home buyers have been taking on higher levels of debt to support purchases and that has been no more in evidence than at the ‘top end’ of the housing market.

Fixed-term interest rates have also lifted markedly from recent lows while in May the Reserve Bank announced the first rate hike in 11½ years.

That said, wealth levels hit record highs at the end of 2021 and Australians have amassed more than $280 billion worth of savings during the pandemic.

Cycles run their course.

And the ‘top end’ had driven the upward growth phase of car and home purchases in 2019 and 2020.

So cycles may just be following their more natural course – eventually, slowdowns or retracement occur.

What we do know is that the ‘top end’ of car and housing markets have tended to lead broader markets in the past and similar trends are occurring now.

Top End Leads The Way

 

What do you need to know?

Luxury vehicle sales have underperformed in the broader market since June 2021.

Rolling annual sales of new luxury vehicles totalled 82,747 in the year to May 2022, down 11.1 per cent on the year.

Sales across the broader market fell by just 1.0 per cent over the period, supported by firmer sales of light and heavy commercial vehicles.

Luxury vehicles now represent 11.3 per cent of broader passenger and SUV sales, the smallest share in over two years (since March 2020).

Annual sales of Lotus are just off 24-year highs, up 54.4 per cent on the year.

Sales Just Off 24 Year Highs

Sales of Ferrari are up 15.1 per cent on the year with Bentley up 22 per cent, Rolls Royce up 17.4 per cent and sales of both Aston Martin and Maserati are up 8 per cent from a year ago.

In contrast, sales of the higher-volume automakers appear to have been harder hit by the global shortage of computer chips.

Annual sales of Audi are at 11-year lows, Mercedes are at 8-year lows with Lexus sales are at 6-year lows.

Audi Sales Ease

Guest expert is Craig James, Chief Economist at CommSec. Source Commsec Economic Insights

About Apart from our regular team of experts, we frequently publish commentary from guest contributors who are authorities in their field.
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