Despite a seasonally strong result over the month of June, the CoreLogic Hedonic Home Value series shows that momentum of capital gains over the second quarter of 2017 is losing steam.
The CoreLogic Home Value Index recorded a recovery from the 1.1% fall in May, with a 1.8% rise in capital city dwelling values over the month of June.
This stronger month-on-month reading can be partially explained by the seasonality in the monthly growth rates.
Adjusting for this effect suggests an easing trend in housing value growth has persisted through the second quarter of 2017.
The June quarter results showed that capital city dwelling values were 0.8% higher across the combined capitals index; the slowest quarterly rate of growth since December 2015 when the combined capitals index fell by 1.4%.
This trend towards lower capital gains across the combined capitals index is mostly attributable to softer conditions across the Sydney housing market, where quarter-on-quarter growth was recorded at 0.8% over the June quarter; down from 5.0% over the March quarter.
In contrast, the quarterly trend in the Melbourne property market has been more resilient, with growth easing from 4.2% over the March quarter to 1.5% over the three months ending June.
Weaker auction results are further evidence of slowing housing market conditions.
For Sydney, the more pronounced slowdown is supported by weaker auction clearance rates which have been tracking in the high 60% range across the city over the last three weeks of June, while in Melbourne, clearance rates have moderated but remained above 70%.
Both markets experienced auction clearance rates consistently in the high 70% to low 80% range over the March quarter.
Slower housing market conditions also reflected in the annual pace of capital gains.
Across the combined capitals, the annual pace of capital gains has eased from 12.9% three months ago to 9.6% at the end of June 2017.
Sydney’s annual growth rate has slowed to 12.2% over the twelve months ending June 2017, down from a recent high of 18.9% three months ago.
Melbourne’s annual growth rate is now the highest of any capital city, surpassing Sydney’s annual rate of growth despite easing from 15.9% three months ago, to 13.7% over the twelve months ending June 2017.
Outside of Sydney and Melbourne, housing market conditions remain diverse.
Brisbane now has the third highest quarterly pace of capital gains with dwelling values 0.5% higher over the June quarter.
Brisbane’s growth is entirely attributable to a 0.8% rise in house values which offset a 2.4% fall in unit values over the quarter.
Dwelling values slipped lower across the remaining capital cities, except Perth, which posted virtually flat growth conditions (+0.1%) over the June quarter.
While the pace of capital gains is slowing, rental growth has been rising, albeit from a low base.
Capital city rents pushed 2% higher over the past twelve months, a stark turnaround from the end of 2016 when rental growth was flat.
The change in rental growth conditions is most noticeable in Canberra and Hobart, where rents are respectively increasing at 8.4% and 6.2% per annum, however Sydney and Melbourne rental markets have also seen a turnaround in what was previously a sluggish rental market.
Rents in both cities are 4.5% and 4.1% higher over the past twelve months.
The growth in rents can be attributed to the ongoing significant rate of net migration into New South Wales and Victoria.
While the rental growth turnaround will be welcomed by landlords looking to recover higher mortgage costs, the consequence is that renters are now facing renewed pressure as rents rise.
In Perth and Darwin, rental conditions remain subdued, falling by 8.3% and 5.4% respectively over the year, while Brisbane rents slipped 0.2% lower and Adelaide rents held reasonably firm, up 1.1%.
Despite the higher pace of rental growth in some cities, dwelling values rose at a faster pace over the year, resulting in a further compression of rental yields.
Gross rental yields are now 20 basis points lower than one year ago across the combined capital cities and tracking at a record low in Melbourne, and close to record lows for Sydney.
It’s likely that landlords will be seeking to recover some, or all, of their increased financing costs associated with higher interest rates on investment in interest only loans by progressively increasing weekly rents.
With record-low wages growth and so much new housing supply coming to market, this remains to be seen.
Market slowing, not crashing.
Although growth conditions have lost momentum across the largest housing markets, we are yet to see any signs of a material downturn.
The key drivers for a slowdown have been gradual.
They include: mortgage rates pushing higher despite a steady cash rate, lender credit policies tightening up and housing affordability – which remains a significant barrier for many prospective buyers.
Additionally, higher supply levels in the unit market appear to be creating a drag on the performance of the unit sector in specific segments.
The impact of macro-prudential measures announced by APRA at the end of March are still flowing through to mortgage rates and credit policies.
We are likely to see further tightening and repricing around investment lending and interest only lending over the coming months.
The latest credit aggregates data from the RBA showed a further slowing in investor credit during May, after growth peaked in December last year.
Investor-related activity is likely to moderate as mortgage rates edge higher and credit policies tighten for this segment of the market.
Considering investors comprised just over 55% of new mortgage demand across New South Wales, based on the latest housing finance data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics, a further slowdown in investment activity is likely to have a more substantial impact on housing demand in Sydney relative to other markets.
There is a possibility some of the slack created by less investment in the Sydney housing market could be taken up by first home buyers taking advantage of stamp duty concessions that go live on July 1.
However if this is the case, it’s likely to be temporary as higher first-time buyer demand could simply push prices outside the range applicable to the concession.
Consumer’s attitudes remain downbeat, particularly with respect to housing.
Westpac and the Melbourne Institute have reported a further reduction in their widely followed consumer sentiment index.
The ‘time to buy a dwelling index’, remained close to seven year lows, indicating that consumers are viewing the housing market with a more pessimistic mind set.
Mortgage demand remains strong.
Despite the range of softening indicators, mortgage demand remained strong across May and June, tracking roughly 3% lower than the same period in 2016 based on mortgage related activity from lenders across CoreLogic valuation platforms.
The reasonably steady level of valuation events suggest buyers remain active, despite higher mortgage rates, and are potentially shopping around as credit conditions tighten.
Wages growth is tracking at record lows, and mortgage rates are likely to rise further, particularly for investment purposes.
As a result, the expectation is that housing market conditions, most particularly in Sydney and Melbourne, will continue to soften through the remainder of 2017.
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