We’re making fewer babies!
According to Australian Bureau of Statistics births data, there were 299,697 babies born in Australia in 2014, the lowest number in the last 10 years.
The way the ABS estimates our population is by assuming:
- one birth every 1 minute and 46 seconds,
- one death every 3 minutes and 23 seconds ,
- a net gain of one international migration every 2 minutes and 37 seconds, leading to
- an overall total population increase of one person every 1 minute and 32 seconds.
id. the population experts make the following observations;
To start, 51.2% of all new arrivals were male, and 48.8% were female.
The median age of mothers was 30.9 years and 33.0 years for fathers.
The total fertility rate (TFR) for Australia in 2014 was 1.79 children per woman.
While it is the lowest number of births seen in Australia for the past 10 years, fertility is still above the low recorded in 2001 of 1.72 children per woman.
id. the population experts then have a look at the state breakdown of fertility:
While NSW and Victoria have the highest number of births, they have the lowest fertility rate, due to their large populations.
The Northern Territory had the highest fertility rate of 2.1 children per woman, around replacement level.
The higher fertility rate in NT is related to the higher fertility rate among Indigenous people.
The oldest parents are located in ACT.
The table below shows the LGAs with the highest fertility rate by state:
The majority of LGAs with high fertility rates are in rural areas, with the highest rate occurring in Corrigin, WA, with 4.76 children per woman.
High fertility rates in rural and regional areas is a global trend and unlikely to change due to the different demographics in these areas.